Woods. – Austria is very rich in construction timber. Of the total area of forests, which cover sq. Km. 31,393, 22,221 sq km. they are of coniferous trees and 2,397 of deciduous plants, the rest of mixed essences. The maximum extension of the coniferous trees occurs in Styria with 6760 sq km. fir and pine forests (54% of the area), followed by Carinthia and Tyrol with 3700 sq km. (47 and 44%), while in Lower Austria and Burgenland, coniferous trees cover just 25 and 28% of the total area. In general, the wooded covering prevails in the inner-alpine and eastern areas, with schistose and crystalline soils, while it is less rich in the limestone areas. In Styria there are municipal territories with 80% of their surface covered by forests, whose conservation was also affected by the extension of the ownership of non-profit organizations, trust to large estates, which in Upper Styria and Tyrol own 57 and 81% of the woods over 200 ha. Relatively sparsely wooded is Vorarlberg (29%), as well as West Tyrol. that the Alemannic population, unlike the Baiuvara, would have heavily deforested in favor of grazing. The deciduous woods, especially beech, occur almost only in Lower Austria (1378 sq km) and coppice is found mainly in Upper and Lower Austria (9411 and 445 sq km), on the slopes of Šumava and along the banks of the Danube. he would have heavily cleared in favor of grazing. The deciduous woods, especially beech, occur almost only in Lower Austria (1378 sq km) and coppice is found mainly in Upper and Lower Austria (9411 and 445 sq km), on the slopes of Šumava and along the banks of the Danube. he would have heavily cleared in favor of grazing. The deciduous woods, especially beech, occur almost only in Lower Austria (1378 sq km) and coppice is found mainly in Upper and Lower Austria (9411 and 445 sq km), on the slopes of Šumava and along the banks of the Danube.
Timber production is very intense. In 1900 there was about 4,454,000 cubic meters. of construction timber and 6,433,000 cubic meters. of firewood, which in 1910 became 4,690,000 and 4,960,000 respectively. Today, although more recent statistics are missing, income has decreased by about 700,000 cubic meters, but timber still represents one of Austria’s greatest resources, especially for Styria and Carinthia, which in 1910 had the highest production of sawn softwood. and worked, above all with fir (respectively 1,081,000 cubic meters and 913,000 cubic meters), which is widely exported especially to Italy and Yugoslavia, while hardwood for the furniture industry is scarce, which previously came from other parts of empire (Croatia, Carpathians, Transylvanian Alps).
Commerce. – The ancient medieval trade of salt and iron, transformed, in the modern age and in the century. XIX, in the large European trade of the double monarchy, of which he was one of the most stable and secure elements, he was struck to death by the dismemberment, and the new Austria had to seek another trade balance, internal and foreign. In any case, Austria, due to its geographical situation and the perfect organization of commercial services, remains even after the dismemberment the trading area of various European markets and above all of the eastern Balkans. For Austria economics and business, please check businesscarriers.com.
In 1925 Vienna alone had 202 trading companies with 12,490,000 shillings of capital; the remaining part of Austria about 20 with a total of 2,571,000 shillings of capital. In the same year the trade movement with foreign countries was summed up in 2,891,424,000 shillings of imports, against 1,954,485,000 shillings of exports with an imbalance of 936,939,000 shillings. the imports 19.6% of them came from Czechoslovakia and 15% from Germany, from where they mainly imported manufactured goods and machines, chemical products and semi-finished products. Hungary was in third place for imports especially for cereals and animals, and Italy in 6th place (5.7%), after Poland and the United States of America, especially for the introduction of agricultural products and silk for 161 million shillings. The other states, except Yugoslavia (4.6%), Switzerland (4.4%), Romania (3.7%) and England (3.6%), represent small fractions of Austrian imports.
The greatest exports are had with the Germanic Empire (15.1% of the total) above all in cotton, wood, iron and live animals; Czechoslovakia follows (11.1%) for silk, cotton and iron products; then Italy with 10.4%, above all in paper, iron, cattle and timber, for which it is today, as in the pre-war period, Austria’s largest customer, for a total value of almost 204 million shillings (1925). With almost all the states, however, the Austrian trade balance is improving, with a decrease in imports and above all a significant increase in exports, an indication of the revived economy.
Today (1925) the most valuable export products for Austria are cotton manufactures (268 million shillings), lumber (239 mil.), Iron (205 mil.), Paper (147 mil.), silk fabrics (108 mil.), woolen manufactures (105 mil.), metals (103 mil.), garments (91 mil.).
The most expensive imports are cereals (372 mil. Shillings), raw cotton (354 mil.), Live animals (258 mil.), Fuels (240 mil.), Raw wool (206 mil.)), raw silk (137 mil.), oils and fats (94 mil.), metals (91 mil.).
Due to its situation in the center of Europe, Austria still maintains a large transit trade, part of which before the war was only of internal exchange. For the origins, Italy is at the head, with its Adriatic ports, with 839.818 tons. (1925); it is followed by Czechoslovakia (752,818 tons), Germany (389,479 tons), Yugoslavia (374,818 tons), Hungary (287,901 tons) and Poland (128,400 tons); while for the destination Germany holds the first place with 896,674 tons, almost equaled by Italy (826,695 tons); then come Czechoslovakia (tons 584.929), Switzerland (tons 321.616), Yugoslavia (tons 145.538) and Hungary (tons 118.275).