Geography of Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania

Huntingdon County, located in central Pennsylvania, is a region of diverse geography, rich history, and abundant natural beauty. From its rolling hills and fertile valleys to its scenic rivers and tranquil lakes, Huntingdon County offers a picturesque landscape shaped by its geography, climate, and waterways.

Geographical Overview:

According to Itypemba, Huntingdon County is situated in the central part of Pennsylvania, bordered by Centre County to the west, Mifflin County to the south, Juniata County to the southeast, Blair County to the northeast, and Bedford County to the east. It covers an area of approximately 889 square miles (2,303 square kilometers) and is home to a population that values its rural character, outdoor recreational opportunities, and historic landmarks.


Huntingdon County experiences a humid continental climate, characterized by four distinct seasons with varying temperatures and precipitation. Summers are typically warm and humid, with average high temperatures reaching the upper 70s to low 80s Fahrenheit (around 25-28 degrees Celsius). Winters are cold, with average lows dipping into the 20s to 30s Fahrenheit (around -6 to -1 degrees Celsius), and occasional snowfall.

Spring and fall bring mild temperatures and colorful foliage, making them popular seasons for outdoor activities such as hiking, camping, and leaf-peeping. The region receives moderate precipitation throughout the year, with the highest amounts occurring during the summer months due to thunderstorms and occasional tropical weather systems.

Mountains and Valleys:

Huntingdon County is characterized by its diverse topography, which includes rolling hills, fertile valleys, and rugged mountains. The Allegheny Mountains, part of the larger Appalachian Mountain Range, dominate the landscape of the county’s eastern and southern regions, rising to elevations exceeding 2,000 feet (610 meters) above sea level.

The mountains of Huntingdon County are covered in dense forests of oak, hickory, and maple trees, as well as rhododendron and mountain laurel. The valleys between the mountains are home to fertile farmland, small towns, and historic villages, creating a scenic and idyllic countryside.

Juniata River:

The Juniata River is the largest river in Huntingdon County, flowing for approximately 104 miles (167 kilometers) from its headwaters in the Allegheny Mountains to its confluence with the Susquehanna River near the town of Duncannon. The Juniata River serves as a major waterway for transportation, fishing, and recreation, offering opportunities for boating, kayaking, and canoeing.

The river is surrounded by picturesque landscapes, including forested hillsides, rocky outcroppings, and lush riverbanks. It provides habitat for a variety of fish species, including bass, trout, and catfish, as well as opportunities for birdwatching and wildlife viewing along its scenic shores.

Raystown Lake:

Raystown Lake is a man-made reservoir located in the southwestern part of Huntingdon County, created by the construction of the Raystown Dam on the Raystown Branch of the Juniata River. Covering an area of approximately 8,300 acres (3,400 hectares) when full, Raystown Lake is one of the largest lakes in Pennsylvania and a popular destination for outdoor recreation.

The lake offers a wide range of activities, including boating, fishing, swimming, and camping. Its pristine waters are home to a variety of fish species, including bass, walleye, and trout, making it a favorite spot among anglers. The surrounding area features scenic overlooks, hiking trails, and picnic areas, providing opportunities for visitors to explore the natural beauty of the region.

Lakes and Streams:

In addition to Raystown Lake, Huntingdon County is home to several smaller lakes and streams that offer opportunities for fishing, boating, and relaxation. Greenwood Lake, located near the town of Belleville, is a popular destination for fishing and picnicking, with scenic views of the surrounding mountains.

The county is also crossed by numerous streams and creeks, including Standing Stone Creek, Shavers Creek, and Blacklog Creek, each of which provides habitat for a variety of aquatic species and recreational opportunities for residents and visitors alike.

State Parks and Natural Areas:

Huntingdon County is home to several state parks and natural areas that showcase the region’s natural beauty and provide opportunities for outdoor recreation. Rothrock State Forest, located in the northeastern part of the county, offers hiking trails, camping facilities, and scenic overlooks that highlight the beauty of the Allegheny Mountains and surrounding wilderness.

Other natural areas in Huntingdon County include Trough Creek State Park, Whipple Dam State Park, and the Alan Seeger Natural Area. These protected areas provide habitat for a variety of plant and animal species, as well as opportunities for hiking, camping, and wildlife viewing.


Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania, offers a diverse and scenic landscape characterized by its mountains, rivers, lakes, and valleys. Its humid continental climate provides distinct seasons, each with its own attractions and recreational opportunities. Whether exploring the shores of Raystown Lake, hiking through Rothrock State Forest, or fishing along the Juniata River, Huntingdon County invites residents and visitors alike to experience the beauty and outdoor adventures of central Pennsylvania.