Abbreviated as HI by ABBREVIATIONFINDER, Hawaii is a state of the United States of America. Its territory is made up of a Polynesian archipelago of the same name, located in the North Pacific Ocean and made up of eight main islands: Oahu, Hawaii (better known as the Big Island), Maui, Kaua`i, Lana`i, Moloka`i, Kaho`olawe and Ni`ihau. It was formerly known as the Sandwich Islands. Hawaii is the only American state that is not on the American continent.
During the 13th and 14th centuries, a wave of immigrants from Tahiti overwhelmed and absorbed the original residents of Hawaii. The first known settlers on the Hawaiian Islands were Polynesian travelers. The islands were first visited by Europeans in 1778, more specifically by the English Captain James Cook, who named them “the Sandwich Islands” by the English Earl of Sandwich.
The sugar industry
Constantly threatened by European nations eager to add Hawaii to their empires, American sugar planters and entrepreneurs began seeking annexation from the United States. A reciprocity treaty was negotiated in 1875. The treaty was renewed in 1884 but was not ratified. Ratification came in 1887 when an amendment was added giving the United States the exclusive right to establish a naval base at Pearl Harbor. The amount of sugar that was exported to the United States grew a lot, so American businessmen invested in the sugar industry.
The modern era
An attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December of of 1941 by Japan was a trigger for America ‘s entry into the Second World War. Hawaii served as a major base of operations in the Pacific and helped America win the War of the Pacific. The citizens of Hawaii voted to become a state in 1958.
President Dwight Eisenhower signed a bill in March 1959, in which he took statehood into account. Hawaii formally became the 50th state on August 21, 1959. Hawaii, which had enjoyed economic and population growth since the end of World War II, suffered the damage in the 1990s. Hawaii’s tourism economy was hit by the tragic events of September 11, 2001, but today it has fully recovered.
Honolulu, capital of Hawaii
The Honolulu is the largest city in Hawaii, as well as the capital of the Hawaiian archipelago. Honolulu is home to the archipelago’s most popular beach, Waikiki Beach. There are various surfers and surfers from all over the world looking for the perfect wave. There are also countless tourists who lounged in their hammocks enjoying long hours of sunshine that come here. To the east of this beach you can see Diamond Head, which is still part of the State of Honolulu. This place is ideal for lovers of excursions to contemplate the sunset. Honolulu comes from the words “Hono” which means bay and “Lulu” which means refuge.
- CountryAAH: Offers a full list of cities and towns in Hawaii, together with postal codes for each of them, and including capital city of Hawaii.
Hawaii attracts travelers in search of beaches and scenery. The sea is idyllic, charming landscapes and friendly people. A trip to Hawaii is an unforgettable adventure that you will remember for years. Paradise lost in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, Hawaii engages dreamers and poets who want to disconnect from reality for a brief moment in a place that remembers dreams very clearly. You are invited to a discovery of Hawaii and the entire region. Now he embarked on this journey to the other end of the world where the word “is still carried by the wind exotic smells.
Today, the most enjoyable and unforgettable Hawaiian custom is flower garlands or Flower Lei. Custom says that a flower lei should be kindly offered with a kiss and only taken away in private. It is considered impolite to remove a lei once it has been accepted in view of others, but especially if it is removed in view of the person who gave it. The designs of the Hawaiian Lei are left to the imagination of each one, ranging from the simple ones with a row of orchid, those made with tuberose, used to be delivered to those who arrive by plane or boat and the more elaborate, depending on how much important is the situation.
Hawaiian culture has many superstitions and omens that are widely known and still have value today. The rain and Rainbow are considered blessings of the gods. This takes on even more value if it rains during a wedding. A bad omen that is more modern is about pulling Lava rocks out of a Volcano, that means you will be haunted by bad luck. Many of these rocks are known to be returned by tourists to Hawaii by mail. Many people send the rocks they collected and brought home back to Hawaii Volcanoes National Park with no return address.
Hawaiian culture is rich, unique, and mysterious. It is what makes Hawaii truly special. So when you’re in Hawaii, make sure you don’t miss the sunsets, sunrises, the surf, the sand; and take time to explore the culture that makes the Hawaiian Islands truly special and unforgettable.
Maui (Hawaiian Islands)
Maui is an island in the Hawaiian Islands archipelago.
Along with the islands of Lanai, Kahoolawe and Molokai, it is part of the county of Maui, within the state of Hawaii (United States).
It is the second largest island in the archipelago, with a total area of 1880 km 2.
Its population of 117,644 residents (in 2000) makes it the third most populated island.
The island is named after the legendary demigod Maui. According to tradition, this hero, known in different parts of Polynesia, created the islands by fishing them from the bottom of the sea with a magic hook, which the residents of these places identify with the constellation of Scorpio.
Currently it works as a tourist attraction since its kilometers of beaches with white sands and crystal clear waters, with coral reefs separated from each other by small stretches of rocks and cliffs, are ideal for practicing the art of diving with underwater photography.
The season from November to April is less hot and is known as “winter”, while the warmer months from May to October are called “summer”. As is typical in tropical climates, the daily temperature variation is greater than the annual one.
The average relative humidity is high, with averages close to 80%. Daily highs, generally above 85%, occur at sunrise. The effect of relative humidity gives the archipelago an intense sensation of heat for much of the year.
Flora and fauna
Mammals such as jutías, reptiles (none of them poisonous, standing out the large population of iguanas), fish and marine animals stand out in the fauna, highlighting those that inhabit coral reefs.
The flora has seed plants, especially mangroves. Tropical plants such as coconut are found.