Nebraska Overview

Abbreviated as NE, Nebraska is a US state of Midwest of the United States. The name Nebraska comes from the Oto or Omaha language, meaning “shallow water”. The name comes from the Platte River, which flows through the state. Originally part of the ” Great American Desert “, Nebraska is now one of the largest producers of agricultural products. This is also borne out by the nickname of Nebraska: Cornhusker State (“corn husk state”).

The Nebraska people have used modern agriculture to turn the prairie plains into a land of ranches and farms. The recent history of Nebraska is therefore deeply linked to agriculture.

Geography

Nebraska’s states are South Dakota in the north; Iowa and Missouri to the east, behind the Missouri River; Kansas to the south; Colorado to the southwest, and Wyoming to the west. The largest city in Nebraska is Omaha; the capital of Nebraska is Lincoln. The state is divided into 93 counties.

Nebraska is located in the middle of the Great Plains on the western foothills of the Corn Belt and is mostly counted in the Midwest. One of the slogans of Nebraska’s “Where The West Begins” (Where the West begins).

A special feature is that, regardless of the direction, at least three borders to other states or the state border to Canada have to be crossed to get to the sea.

History

Native American people have inhabited the area for thousands of years. The French and Spanish came to the area in the 1690s. The Spaniards made contact with the Apaches. By 1703, France had established trade relations with all the peoples who lived on the Missouri River in Nebraska. By 1719 France had signed treaties with many of these peoples. These included the Omaha, Missouria, Ponca, Pawnee, Otoe and various sub-tribes of the Lakota-Sioux. When Spain later found itself at war with France ( Seven Years War ), Pawnees and Otoes fought on the French side and defeated the Spanish.

In 1819 the United States established Fort Atkinson as the first army post across the Missouri River. The Kansas-Nebraska Act came into effect on May 30, 1854, with the result that the country became part of the United States, initially as the Territories of Nebraska and Kansas.

In the 1860s, the Homestead Act brought the first wave of settlers to Nebraska to take possession of government-made land. Nebraska became the 37th state into the Union on March 1, 1867, shortly after the Civil War.

By 1880 the population had grown to 450,000. During the Great Migration, southern African Americans came to Nebraska, essentially Omaha, where they found manual labor in butcher shops and railroad construction. Blacks faced discrimination in Omaha. Most of all, this was done by other poor immigrants competing with them for the same jobs. In 1912, African Americans established an office for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People in Omaha.

There has also been a movement for Nebraska Indigenous Rights since the 1960s.

Culture

Nebraska is a North American state located in the Great Plains region, in the North American Midwest; Inhabited for more than 10,000 years, the original peoples were dedicated to growing corn and hunting buffalo.

In the 18th century the first French and Spanish explorers arrived in Nebraska, such as Étienne de Veniard, who in 1714 reached the mouth of the current Platte River and called it the “Nebraskier”, a word that means “flat water”.

One of the first settlers was J. Sterling Morton, editor of Nebraska’s first newspaper and a tree enthusiast, promoter of Arbor Day in the United States which is celebrated on April 10th.

Cultural heritage

  • Children’s Museum in Lincoln: This “green” building is among the twenty best museums of its kind in the United States. It has three floors of interactive exhibits and among its permanent exhibits are items from everyday life.
  • Children’s Museum of Omaha: Includes the Charlie Campbell Center for Science and Technology, a Leonardo da Vinci-inspired invention workshop, the Amazing Bubble Room, and a nature park.
  • Joslyn Art Museum: An example of Art Deco architecture, it is the largest visual arts center in Nebrasda, with works especially of European and American art from the 19th and 20th centuries, famous for its collection of watercolors and prints by the Swiss artist Karl Bodmer, about a trip down the Missouri River in 1830.
  • Nebraska State Art Museum: Housed in Kearney, in a beautiful Renaissance-style building listed on the National Register of Historic Places, it encompasses 5,000 pieces spread across eleven galleries featuring the works of Nebraska artists of all time, from the initiators like George Catlin to contemporaries. It has a series of works by James Audubon on wildlife.
  • Nebraska History Museum. It is located in Lincoln, and interprets the history of ten thousand years of culture on the Great Plains. Here is the headquarters of the Nebraska Historical Society, and its collections include memorabilia from the White Horse Ranch, history of the industry and consumption of cigars, everyday items, medals and antique weapons.
  • Sheldon Memorial at the University of Nebraska, which houses a sculpture garden with more than twelve thousand works of art, the Stuhr Museum of Pioneers considered one of the ten best places to relive the history of the United States, the Great Platte River Road that proposes a journey into pioneer life and the recreation of the Harold Warp pioneer village, twenty-eight buildings on 20 acres that house more than 50,000 historical objects and a gigantic collection of 19th century plaster statues by sculptor John Rogers.

Nebraska state