North Carolina History and Economy

Abbreviated as NC, North Carolina is one of the states that make up the United States of America. It was one of the Secessionist Thirteen British Colonies and home to the first British colony in America. It is located in the South region and is bordered to the west by Tennessee, to the south by South Carolina, to the southwest by Georgia, to the north by Virginia and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean. The name of the state was chosen by King Charles II of England In honor of his father King Carlos I. North Carolina has 3 metropolitan areas whose populations exceed one million residents. On July 1 of 2006, its population was estimated at 8,856,505 residents, 10% more than in April of 2001. It is the third most populous state in the southeast of the country, behind Florida and Georgia.

History

In its beginnings, North Carolina was inhabited by different native peoples, among which were the Cherokee, Tuscarora, Cheraw, Pamlico, Meherrin, Coree, Machapunga, Cape fear, Xaxhaw, Saponi, Tutelo, Waccamaw, Coharie and Catawba nations. In 1523, Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón, and with the authorization of Emperor Carlos I of Spain, organized an expedition to search for the north passage at Spice Islands, exploring the east coast of the current United States (states of Virginia and North Carolina); In 1526, Vázquez de Ayllón was the first European to explore and map the Chesapeake Bay. He established a short town that he called “San Miguel de Guadalupe.”

In 1567 Captain Juan Pardo led an expedition inland to claim the area for the Spanish colony of Florida, as well as create another route to protect the silver mines in Mexico. Pardo made a winter base in Joara, which he renamed Cuenca. The expedition built Fort San Juan and left 30 men at it, while Pardo traveled further and built and staffed five other forts. He returned by a different route to Santa Elena on Parris Island, South Carolina, then to central Spanish Florida. In 1584, Queen Elizabeth I of England granted a letter to Sir Walter Raleigh, where he named the current capital of the state of North Carolina (then Virginia) with the name of Raleigh. North Carolina’s first permanent European settlers were British settlers who migrated to southern Virginia after rapid colony growth and subsequent shortage of available farmland. Nathaniel Batts was documented as one of the first of these migrant Virginians. They settled south of the Chowan River and east of the Great Dismal Swamp in 1655.

In 1710, due to discussions of the governorship, the Carolina colony was divided into North Carolina and South Carolina. In 1712, North Carolina became an independent colony, with the exception of the farms of John Carteret, second Earl Granville, which became a royal colony seventeen years later. Differences in settlement modes in eastern and western North Carolina affected the political, economic, and social life of the state from the 18th to the 20th century. The east of the state was largely colonized by immigrants from England and the Highlands of Scotland. The west was largely colonized by the Scots, Irish, and Protestants from Germany. On April 12, 1776, the colony became the first to have its delegates in the Continental Congress and vote for independence from the British crown. The dates of both events that are related to independence are commemorated on the state flag and the state seal. Throughout the Revolutionary War a fierce guerrilla war broke out between bands that were in favor of independence and others that were in favor of the British colonies. In some cases, the war was also an excuse to settle private affairs, grudges, and rivalries. A major victory for the United States in the war took place at the King’s Pinnacle, along the border between North Carolina and South Carolina. The American victory at Kings Mountain gave the pro- independence settlers a better chance of achieving their goal by preventing the British Army from recruiting new soldiers. On November 21, 1789, North Carolina became the twelfth state to pass the Constitution.. Unlike many other southern states, North Carolina never developed a dominant slave-owning aristocracy and the middle class tended to control the government. Most of the plantations were located in eastern Tidewater. In the west there used to be not many subsistence farmers. In the middle of the 19th century, the rural area and the commercial areas were connected by the construction of a 208 km highway.

North Carolina History

Social development

Education

North Carolina has 115 public schools, each of which is overseen by a local school board. A county can have one or more systems. The largest school systems in North Carolina are schools in Charlotte-Mecklenburg, Wake County Public School System, County of Winston-Salem / Forsyth, of the Cumberland County and County of Guilford. The state has also established charter schools – independent public schools.

In 1795, North Carolina inaugurated the first public university in the United States – the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. More than 200 years later, the University of North Carolina encompasses 16 public universities, including the two largest: the University of North Carolina and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. There are also several historically known universities such as North Carolina A & T State UniversityWinston-Salem State University, and North Carolina Central University. In addition to public universities, North Carolina has 58 public colleges.

Economic development

According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, the state’s total gross product was US $375 billion in 2006. In 2005, per capita income was US $ 30,785, ranking 37th among all states in the United States. Agricultural production in North Carolina includes Poultry | Poultry and [Egg (feed) | eggs, Tobacco, Sus | pigs, Milk, Nursery (gardening) | nursery plants, Cattle (mainly Bos taurus | cattle), Ipomoea batatas | sweet potato and Glycine max | soy.

However, North Carolina has recently been hit by industrial offshoring and the growth of countries like China: one in five manufacturing jobs in the state have been lost as a result of overseas competition.

Agriculture and industry

During the 20th century, North Carolina grew to become a national leader in agriculture, financial services, and manufacturing. The state’s industrial production – mainly Textiles | textiles, Chemical industry | chemicals, electrical material, Paper and Cellulose pulp – ranked it eighth in the nation in the early 1990s.

The textile industry, which was one of the pillars of the state’s economy, has been losing jobs to producers in Latin America and Asia since the 1980s., although it is still the state with the highest production in the United States. In recent years, another important industry in North Carolina, such as furniture production, has also been hit hard by competition from Asian countries (especially China) and offshoring and job losses. Tobacco is a major source of income and remains vital to the local economy despite concerns about whether the federal government will continue to support tobacco growers with subsidies; This has led some producers to switch to other crops such as Grapevine or to abandon agriculture altogether. North Carolina is the leading tobacco producer in the country. Agriculture in western North Carolina counties (particularly Buncombe and surrounding counties) are experiencing a revitalization along with the market, driven by growing demand for organic produce and local produce.