North Dakota Overview

Abbreviated as ND by ABBREVIATIONFINDER, North Dakota is a state of the United States of America, it is located in the northern region of the nation. Founded on November 2, 1889.


The story behind the name

It is called by the Dakota Indians, who are a branch of the large Native American culture known as the Sioux. The former territory of Dakota was divided into two parts to be admitted as States, North and South.

History and colonization

Before Europeans, Native Americans inhabited Dakota thousands of years ago. Europeans inhabited North Dakota in the mid- 18th century. They commercialized and interacted little with the Native American tribes there, but did not do much to assert their claim to the territory. Lewis and Clark traversed the territory in the early 1800s as part of their famous expedition, but they also had minimal contact with native tribes. Although the area that would later become North Dakota was passed to United Statesownership through the Louisiana Purchase, its remoteness and relatively arid landscape attracted few settlers.

The increasing popularity of the railroads in the later 19th century changed everything for the Dakota Territory. At last it was feasible for American settlers to come to the region in large numbers. Still, the area never brought as many migrants as some of the most fertile regions in the American Midwest. The Dakota Indians generally did not accommodate themselves to pestering white farmers, and military campaigns slowly began to reduce their numbers. Most of the white settlers who came to the region were of Germanic or Norse descent, permanently sealing North Dakota culture with their traditions.

Although their population and land holdings were drastically reduced, Native Americans still make up a larger percentage of North Dakota’s population than in many other states. Their language and way of life still have an impact on the culture of North Dakota today. The state became largely agrarian, although it was sometimes difficult to extract large amounts of crops from the rocky landscape. The measures that were put in place in the 20th century to protect local farmers’ holdings still define much of state policy today.

Geographic characteristics

Its state capital is the city of Bismarck. It is located in a geographic position between the coordinates 45˚ 55’N to 49˚ 0 ‘north latitude and 97˚ 0’ W to 104˚ 0 ‘west longitude. The state of North Dakota is located in the western part of the Central-North United States of America. The map of North Dakota shows the political divisions of the state. North Dakota is politically divided into 53 counties for administrative convenience. It has a population of 639,715 (2007) of residents in an area of ​​183,112 km².


Bounded by the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba, with the state of Montana to the west, by the state of South Dakota and to the east by Minnesota.

Location and geography

North Dakota is geographically in the center of the North American continent, but it is located on the northern edge of the contiguous United States. It directly borders Canada along the 49th parallel. The North Dakota landscape is fairly rugged and largely semi-arid, although the temperature is often cold.

Counties and regions

North Dakota currently has 53 counties, which arose after it was separated from South Dakota and admitted as a state in 1889. The states were admitted at the same time, but because North Dakota first alphabetically, it generally declared first sequentially so. North Dakota is sparsely populated, so there are only four general regions that are necessary to classify:

  • The Badlands
  • Missouri Escape
  • Corridor Missouri River
  • ValleyRed River


North Dakota has only about 675,000 people, making it the third least populated state in the Union. You have had a problem with brain drain in the past, as educated citizens left for jobs elsewhere. The development of the oil industry has helped to offset this problem.

Cities with more than 5000 residents

Bismarck, Devils Lake, Dickinson, Fargo, Grand Forks, Jamestown, Mandan, Minot, Valley City, Wahpeton, West Fargo, Williston.

Fargo, Bismark and Grand Forks alone have more than 50,000 residents.

  • CountryAAH: Offers a full list of cities and towns in North Dakota, together with postal codes for each of them, and including capital city of North Dakota.

Rivers of North Dakota

  • Rio Souris
  • Missouri River
  • Little Missouri River
  • Heart River
  • Yellowstone River
  • Cheyenne River
  • James river
  • Red River
  • Rio Con

North Dakota Lakes

  • Sakakawea Lake
  • Long Lake
  • Devils Lake

Other features

Maximum Altitude: 1,069 meters

Minimum Altitude: 229 meters

Flower: Wild prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)

Tree: American Elm

Bird: Western meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta)

Economic development

As the auto industry and other modern industries began to impact the world, North Dakota found another source of income in its many shale deposits. Extraction of this precious resource has had an effect of counteracting the general loss of qualified and educated residents that the state had been suffering for a few decades. Although much of North Dakota’s economy is now based on fuel production, it is praised as one of the least polluted states in the nation.

In North Dakota there is a rock formation called Bakken that the oil companies are exploiting with a new type of extraction. In this area, the drills advance to a depth of three kilometers, then slowly excavate and reach oil-laden shale rocks. Then, they inject water or sand under high pressure, the rock fractures and the oil is released. The states that contribute the most to America’s oil wealth are Texas and North Dakota. In the latter region hundreds of thousands of barrels of oil are extracted with the fracking method. This has generated an increase in restaurants, warehouses, hotels and other types of services.

North Dakota state