Oregon Overview

Abbreviated as OR, Oregon (pronounced [oregon] in English) is one of the states that are part of the United States of America, it is located in the northwest, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean.

Its capital is Salem and its most populous city, Portland.

It is south of the state of Washington, west of the state of Idaho and north of the states of California and Nevada. The Columbia and Snake Rivers make up most of its northern and eastern borders, respectively. The [Willamette River] valley in the west is the most populated region and where agriculture is most productive.

It has very diverse landscapes. It is recognized for its tall and dense forests covering a third of the north of the state and half of the south. It is also recognized for its accessible and beautiful coastline, also for its rugged volcanoes with glaciers in the Cascade range. There are other areas that include plains and deserts and cover about half the state in the east and north central, and pine forests in the northeast that are less dense. The population in 2010 was about 3,831,074 residents, increasing by 12% over the 2000 figure.


On February 21, 1819, Spain was forced to cede Oregon to the United States by the Adams-Onís Treaty. Spanish settlements in the area had been few, small, and mostly temporary.

Until 1846, the Oregon Territory, which was extended from the then Mexican [California] to Russian Alaska, was under a special regime whereby the United States and the United Kingdom exercised common dominion over these lands. The Oregon Treaty established the border at 49 ° N, leaving the area from that latitude to 54 ° 40 ‘N for the British and the area up to 42 ° for the Americans. These boundaries were largely based on the Nutka conventions, which had set the border between the English and Spanish territories.

The American part of the Oregon Territory in 1853 was divided in two, bordering the Columbia River: the southern part would continue to be called Óregon, while the north would become the Washington Territory. The Oregon Territory was again shortened in 1859, until it had the current borders. Part of its territory became part of the Territory of Washington and it is there that Oregon became a state of the United States.


With an area of ​​255,000 square kilometers, Oregon is the ninth largest state in the United States. This makes it slightly larger than the UK without overseas territories . The east-west extension of Oregon is 640 kilometers, while the distance from the northern to the southern border is around 580 kilometers. Approximately 98 percent of the state’s territory is land.

Oregon is located in the northwestern United States (also known as the Pacific Northwest ). Oregon’s neighbors are Washington in the north, Idaho in the east, and Nevada and California in the south. To the west is the Pacific Ocean. The northern boundary forms much of the Columbia River, part of the eastern boundary of the Snake River. The two mountain ranges running in a north-south direction, the Oregon Coast Range and the Cascade Range, which run along the coast, close the extremely fertile Willamette Valleya. The highest point is Mount Hood with a height of 3425 meters above sea level. At the same time, Oregon is one of the highest states in the United States due to the mountainous landscape that stretches across almost the entire state. The average height above sea level is just over 1000 meters.

Western and Northern Oregon is one of the most fertile and agriculturally productive areas on earth. In western Oregon, the amount of precipitation is very high, in the high desert in the southeastern part of Oregon, which is partly part of the Great Basin, the climate is rather arid.

Economic development


The state of Oregon has a large timber industry, produces wood and paper-based products, has maquiladora and food industries, has a lot of tourism and a large production of technological products.


  • Raising of cattle for meat and milk, vegetables, greenhouse products, fruits and nuts, wheat, etc.

Minerals and resources

  • Forest resources, water, limestone, sand for construction works and cement.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the state of Oregon in 2008 had a population of 3,790,060 people, with the following racial composition:

  • 9% white (European or of European descent).
  • 0% Latin American.
  • 4% Asian.
  • 7% African-American.
  • 7% American Indian or Alaska Native.
  • The rest are made up of people of other ethnic groups.

Oregon state