Panama Mountains, Rivers and Lakes

According to baglib, Panama is the southernmost country of Central America, located between Costa Rica and Colombia. It is bordered by both the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, making it an ideal setting for many activities such as fishing, boating, and swimming. The Panama Canal traverses the country from east to west, connecting both oceans and allowing for a variety of international trade opportunities.

The terrain of Panama is varied with mountains, forests, valleys and plains. The highest point in the country is Volcan Baru at 11,400 feet above sea level. This volcano is located near Boquete in the Chiriqui province and offers some of the best hiking trails in Central America. The rainforest covers much of central and eastern Panama while most of western Panama consists of savannas with scattered trees. The Gulf of Chiriqui on the Pacific Coast has numerous islands that make up a marine reserve known as Coiba National Park. There are also two other large islands off Panama’s coast: Isla Colon in Bocas del Toro province and Isla Contadora in Las Perlas Archipelago.

The climate throughout Panama ranges from tropical to subtropical depending on elevation; temperatures tend to remain consistent year-round with rainfall varying from season to season. In general, dry season runs from January to May while wet season runs from May to December; however this varies by region since some areas experience more rainfall than others during certain times of year due weather patterns or elevation changes. Despite its small size, there are many different ecosystems within this country including wetlands, mangroves forests and cloud forests which provide habitats for many species of plants and animals unique to this region.


The Barú Volcano is one of the most prominent mountains in Panama. Located on the border between Costa Rica and Panama, this volcano is an active stratovolcano with a peak height of 11,398 feet above sea level. It is the highest peak in all of Central America and is considered to be a sacred mountain by the indigenous Ngöbe-Buglé people. The Barú Volcano has had several eruptions since 1550, with its last major eruption occurring in 1834. Despite its volcanic activity, it is still a popular destination for hikers and climbers alike due to its picturesque views of both countries from its summit. Other major mountains in Panama include Cerro Punta and Volcán de Chiriquí. Cerro Punta stands at 9,842 feet above sea level and provides breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape with its lush vegetation and snow-capped peaks. Volcán de Chiriquí stands at 10,475 feet above sea level and is composed of three separate cones that make up one large volcano. It has numerous fumaroles and hot springs that attract visitors from all over the world looking for unique experiences in nature.


The Chagres River is one of the most important rivers in Panama. It is the only river that flows into the Caribbean Sea from the Atlantic Ocean, and it provides Panama City with its drinking water. The Chagres River begins in the Central Mountain Range and flows eastward before emptying into Gatun Lake. From there, it flows through the Panama Canal and into Limon Bay. The Chiriqui River is another major river in Panama. It originates in Costa Rica and flows southward until it reaches the Pacific Ocean near David, Panama. This river forms part of the border between Costa Rica and Panama and is used for transportation by fishing boats, ferries, and other vessels. The Rio Grande de Cocle is a relatively short river that begins near Penonome and travels northwards until it reaches La Villa River near El Valle de Anton. This river supports small-scale fishing activities as well as recreational activities such as swimming and kayaking. The Rio Tuira is a large river located on the Pacific side of Panama that originates near Cerro Campana Mountain range before emptying into Gulf of San Miguel on Azuero Peninsula. It has been used for centuries by indigenous peoples for transportation as well as fishing activities due to its abundant supply of fish species such as snook, tarpon, snapper, bass, barracuda, mackerels, etc. Finally, the Rio Chepo is one of the longest rivers in Panama with a length of about 100 miles (160 km). It originates in westernmost part of Darien Province before flowing southwards to empty into Gulf of San Miguel at Chepo Municipality on Azuero Peninsula. This river has been used extensively for transportation purposes due to its navigable waters which make it ideal for canoeing or kayaking trips during certain times of year when water levels are high enough for navigation.


Gatun Lake is one of the major lakes in Panama, located in the Chagres River basin. It was created as part of the Panama Canal construction project in 1913 and is now an integral part of its operation. The lake is about 32 miles long and has a surface area of about 430 square miles. It is fed by several rivers, including the Chagres, which flows into the Caribbean Sea. Gatun Lake serves as a freshwater reservoir for ships traveling through the canal. It also provides hydroelectric power to Panama City and other areas along its banks. The lake is home to a diverse array of wildlife, including fish, amphibians, reptiles, and birds. There are also several small islands within its boundaries that are inhabited by indigenous people who depend on fishing for their livelihoods.

Panama Mountains