The number of daytime general education schools is 3.7 thousand, of which 59 are gymnasiums and 60 lyceums. According to topschoolsintheusa, there are 50 secondary specialized educational institutions and 33 universities in Tajikistan.
In April 1999, on the basis and on the initiative of the 8 largest higher educational institutions of the country, the Association for the Development of Science and Education was established. In December 1999, the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan joined it as an honorary member of the association.
The Association is the first and only national, non-governmental organization in the republic that sets itself the following goals: to promote the development and implementation of new information technologies in the system of secondary and higher education in the republic; the development of scientific research both in higher education and in research institutions in Tajikistan, the organization of effective information support for scientific activities; promoting the implementation of international educational standards in universities and secondary education, organizing international exchange of experience in this area; participation in the development of models and teaching methods in the context of the use of new information technologies, including distance learning; promoting the creation of electronic libraries.
Tajik culture developed on the basis of the traditions of the Persian-speaking world. The founder of national literature, Rudaki, improved the language, using it for the first time in secular poetry, and laid the foundations for a number of literary genres.
Ferdowsi created the heroic epic Shahnameh. The crown of the romantic Tajik poem was “Khamsa” (“Five”) by Nizami, “Bustan” and “Gulistan” by Saadi. The master of the ghazal was Hafiz.
A prominent figure in Tajik literature of the 20th century. There was a writer Sadriddin Aini (1878-1954). The works and literary studies written by him influenced the development of the Tajik literary language.
The largest library is the State Library. Firdousi, where a large collection of medieval manuscripts is kept.