According to topschoolsintheusa, Kyrgyzstan is part of Central Asia and is one of those countries with a particularly broad spectrum in terms of landscape, vegetation and ethnology. Above all, Kyrgyzstan – often also referred to as Kyrgyzstan or Kyrgyzstan – is a country in which many original areas can be discovered, in which you can expect grandiose panoramas in wide valleys framed by imposing peaks, also wide plateaus, deep gorges and not lastly the Issykkul Lake with its crystal clear water, sunny beaches and thermal springs. The landscape of Kyrgyzstan is primarily shaped by the Tian Shan Mountains, at whose feet the capital is located. Bischek is a city built on the drawing board and known for its beautiful avenues leading to the city center. You can also visit the Historical Museum in Bischek, visit a zoological museum and the state art museum. In addition, the capital is a good starting point for a trip to the Ala Archa National Park or to drive over winding mountain roads and through beautiful mountain scenery to Lake Issykkul. Other excursion destinations and opportunities to discover the nature of Kyrgyzstan include the Grigoriev and Djety Oguz gorges, the Chichkan National Park, to which the path leads over the Töö-Ashu Ala-Bel passes, or the very small town of Arslanbobs, which is next to fantastic flora and fauna and an impressive waterfall. If you want to explore more of the cultural side of Kyrgyzstan and meet the people of the country who lived as nomads until the 20th century, you will find it in Tschüital, in the Fergana Valley and some mountain valleys as well as around Lake Issykkul, as this is where the population is concentrated. There you will also find what plays a central role in Kyrgyz culture: horse breeding and yurts and, on the side, a long tradition in the processing of leather and felt.
Kyrgyz city with many names
Hardly any other capital in the world has changed its name as often as the metropolis of Kyrgyzstan. Today’s Bishkek – which is also shown as Bishkek on the maps – was still called “Pischpek” when it was founded in 1825. Like a fortress of Kyrgyz tribes. When this was conquered by Russian soldiers, the name of the then still small village changed again: Frunze. A word that was borrowed from the Moldovan language and meant something like “green leaf”. Because this was a place in the country, and hardly anything has changed about it to this day. Bishkek is an oasis in the vastness of Kyrgyzstan, and the name of the city is reminiscent of the sour and fermented mare’s milk that everyone in the country loves.
Hofbräuhaus and a German baker
Today Bishkek is as manageable as it is modern. You won’t find any historical buildings here, but the architecture of the houses is appealing. And there is even a Hofbräuhaus, where veal sausages and German beer are not only tasted at Oktoberfest, and there is also a German bakery with Black Forest cake and bread made from rye. The capital of the country, which has the largest walnut forests in the world, is inhabited by around 700,000 people. Most of the streets are well maintained and mostly wide and the small canals called “aryks” carry water at all times. Mulberry trees and poplars provide shade.
The smell of the food stalls in the bazaar
The lakes in the urban area of Bishkek have been artificially created and are bordered by oaks. The few remains from the Middle Ages and the Wilhelminian era are, however, in a deplorable condition and are falling into disrepair more and more. The art museum, the museum of fine arts and the historical museum are well worth seeing. The Kyrgyz State Opera and Ballet Theater achieved supra-regional importance. The smell of the food stalls accompanies visitors on a stroll through the Osh Bazaar with its wide range of fruits, spices and honey.
In front of snow-capped peaks and above the treetops, the old and impressive Burana Tower rises, which is still one of the most important historical sites in Kyrgyzstan. 70 km from Bishkek and 12 km from the city of Tokmok, the Burana Tower is the only remnant of the ancient city of Balasagun. Once part of the Karakhanid Kaganat, which existed between the 9th and 11th centuries, Balasagun was sacked by the Mongols in 1218. In the 14th century the city was destroyed and left in ruins. In the 1900s, the Russians began dismantling the tower using its bricks for house building needs. A restoration project began in the 1970s and helped restore the venerable minaret.
The Burana Tower was originally built at a height of 44 meters, but after falling victim to both the war and the laws of nature in Kyrgyzstan, it is now only 25 meters high. Still, it is definitely worth a visit and can be easily visited as a day trip from Bishkek. This unparalleled minaret is in an absolutely breathtaking location, surrounded by the Tian Shan Mountains and golden fields. For little change, visitors can climb the steep, spiral-shaped stairs and enjoy the sensational view of the vast landscape. Those who are reasonably fit and careful shouldn’t have any problems getting to the top.
In addition to the minaret, the entire site functions as an open-air museum with hundreds of balbals and stone-carved rock art dotted around the area. A balbal is a tombstone used by the Turks when they traveled through Central Asia centuries ago. Wandering between the different boulders with paintings and carvings is an interesting experience for visitors during a study tour in Kyrgyzstan.