South Carolina History

Abbreviated as SC, South Carolina borders North Carolina to the north and Georgia to the south and west, with the Savannah River forming the border between the two states. Other large rivers are the Pee Dee (after the Indian people of the same name ) and the Wateree. There are extensive swamps in the estuaries of these rivers. In the east the state is bounded by the Atlantic.

South Carolina is characterized by four geographic structures, the boundaries of which run parallel to the south-eastern coastlines. The lowest part is the so-called Coastal Plain, the coastal plain, which runs very flat and is formed from layers of sediment such as sand, clay and silt. Areas with good drainage can become good arable land, even if some areas tend to form swamps. The coastal zone has many salt marshes and estuaries. The latter have to form some natural harbors such as in Georgetown or in Charleston. An unusual expression for a coastline is the multitude of Carolina bays, for the origin of which no explanation has yet been found. Even meteorites are considered as the cause. These bays are oval and mostly lie in a north-west to south-east direction.

Immediately afterwards in the west of the coastal plain runs the Sandhills region, which contains larger mountains of sand that originate from sand dunes from those geological epochs when the course of the sea was different.

The Piedmont is essentially formed by old eroded mountain strata. It is partly interspersed with hills, with small deposits of loam and clay, and contains a few areas where agriculture is worthwhile. Many areas of the Piedmont were once used for agriculture without much success. Today’s fallow land is being renatured and reforested. The so-called Fall Line runs along the edge of the Piedmont which, as the watershed of most rivers, is of particular importance for the use of hydropower. Some cities were able to prosper economically through the use of mills, such as Georgetown. In addition, the larger rivers are navigable up to the fall line, so they could be used as transport routes.

The upper part of the Piedmont is known as the foothills. The Cherokee Parkway runs there, with good views, and Table Rock State Park can also be found here.

The highest point is the Upstate, which contains a foothill of the Blue Ridge Mountains that runs as far as Georgia and North Carolina as part of the Appalachian Belt. Here you can also find Sassafras Mountain at 1085 m, the highest mountain in South Carolina.

South Carolina is a state of the United States of America and as North Carolina after the Latin name Carolus for the English King Charles I referred. The nickname of South Carolina’s Palmetto State ( ” Palmettopalmenstaat “). In the extreme northwest, South Carolina is part of the Appalachian Mountains. South Carolina is 82,932 km² – only slightly smaller than Austria – and has over 5 million inhabitants, of which approx. 30%Please click to listen!PlayAfrican American. The capital is Columbia. The capital until 1788 was Charleston, located on the coast. South Carolina ratified the US Constitution on May 23, 1788 and is therefore the 8th founding state of the USA.


At the time of European colonization, South Carolina was occupied by various indigenous tribes, including the Cusabo, Catawba, Yamasee, and Cherokee. The Spanish were the first Europeans to explore the coast of South Carolina and, in 1526, established temporary settlements near present-day Georgetown.

In 1562, the French Huguenots unsuccessfully tried to found a colony on Parris Island, where the Spanish built a fort in 1566. England claimed present-day South Carolina at the beginning of the 17th century. In 1629, King Charles I of England ceded the southern Thirteen Colonies to Robert Heath. This colony included the regions that now constitute North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Tennessee. Heath named this colony Carolana, a Latin word meaning ‘Land of Carlos’.

South Carolina was heavily involved in the American War of Independence. After the war, the politics of the state was dominated by the conflict between the old communities near the coast and the new areas that were expanding and colonized by the Scots and the Irish. In 1790, as part of that conflict, the capital of South Carolina was officially moved to the interior from Charleston to Columbia.

After the independence of the United States, in 1783, South Carolina would ratify the Constitution of the United States of America, on May 23, 1788, becoming the 8th state of the Union.

South Carolina History