Tennessee History and Geography


It is bordered to the north by the states of Kentucky and Virginia, to the east by North Carolina, to the south by [[Georgia], Alabama and Mississippi, and to the west by Arkansas and Missouri. The Mississippi River marks its western boundary. Among the important cities of the state are Memphis and Nashville – Davidson, the capital.

Territorial expansion

Abbreviated as TN by ABBREVIATIONFINDER, Tennessee has an area of ​​109,150 km² and its altitude ranges from 54 m, on the banks of the Mississippi River, to 2,025 m on Mount Clingmans, located in the eastern part of the state. Tennessee can be divided into four distinct geographic regions: the Blue Mountains or Blue Ridge, the Appalachian plateau, the low interior plateau and the border area with the coastal plain of the Gulf of Mexico.


The climate is characteristically continental, with cold winters (similar to those of the northern Castilian plateau) and very hot summers. The precipitations are abundant and habitual in all the stations. Normally, there are three or four snowfalls throughout the winter, but they are usually of low intensity and the snow melts quickly.


The crop that achieves the highest value is soybeans (soybeans), followed by tobacco, hay, cotton, corn, wheat, sorghum, beans (beans), tomatoes, apples and peaches(peaches).


Among the mammals wild predominantly black bear, the deer white tail or Virginia, the opossums, the foxes, the rabbits, the skunks and squirrels. The most representative birds are bluebirds, crows, grouse, hawks, mockingbirds, robins and wild turkeys.


Some six million residents occupy a territory whose extension is approximately one fifth of that of Spanish. The distribution is quite balanced, without too large cities or large unpopulated areas. The largest city in the state is Memphis, a manufacturing and commercial center on the banks of the Mississippi, with about 600,000 residents. In second place is Nashville, the capital, in the center of the state, with 500,000. They follow this Knoxville, in the east, with 175,000, and Chattanooga, to the southeast, with 150,000. Around three-quarters of the population lives in towns of less than 30,000 residents.

  • CountryAAH: Offers a full list of cities and towns in Tennessee, together with postal codes for each of them, and including capital city of Tennessee.

In confirmation of what is considered a typical trait of the southern character, the people are usually very open, communicative and helpful, while being characterized by quite conservative points of view in the social and by a very marked and publicly manifest religiosity.


There is evidence of the presence of burial mound builders in the territory that covers the current state of Tennessee. Later, in this same area, tribes of hunters, such as the Shawnee, the Chickasaw, the Creek, and the Cherokee, settled. The Tennessee area was explored by the Spanish in the mid-16th century, and by the English and French in the late 17th century. In the early 1770s, dozens of families from Virginia and North Carolina settled in the valleys of the Houston, Watauga, and Nolichucky rivers.

After the American War of Independence, settlers in the eastern part organized the Franklin Estate in 1784; Six years later, the United States government reorganized this area, calling it the Southern Ohio River Territory. In 1796, Tennessee was integrated as a state in the Union.

When hostilities broke out between the North and South, Governor Isham Harris forced a reluctant Tennessee to join the Confederation of South America and the state became the main site of several battles of the American Civil War, such as those at Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Murfreesboro, Chattanooga, Franklin and Nashville. In the 1930s, the Tennessee Valley Authority alleviated economic poverty and prepared the state for future industrial expansion. Oak Ridge was the site of the atomic bomb.

During the second half of the nineteenth century, the population of Tennessee experienced a remarkable growth and industry and services gained weight in the economy of a state until then fundamentally agrarian. The 1950 census revealed that, for the first time, the urban population outnumbered the rural.

In April 1968, Martin Luther King, leader of the movement for the defense of civil rights and racial equality, was assassinated in the city of During World War II, Oak Ridge was chosen as a laboratory of the Department of National Energy, one of the main places of the elaboration of the Manhattan project. Tennessee celebrated its bicentennial in 1996 by opening a new state park (Bicentennial Mall) under Capitol Hill in Nashville.

Tennessee History


Tennessee was a primarily rural state until well into the 20th century. After the Great Depression, the Tennessee Valley Authority was created, a public company in charge of the development of the Tennessee River region. One of its objectives was the production of electrical energy, and this fact would mean a huge change in the economic orientation of the state.

During World War II, Tennessee became the main supplier of energy for the aeronautical industry thanks to the construction of numerous hydroelectric plants. This capacity, subsequently increased, as well as the availability of magnificent water courses, both natural and artificial, allowed the installation of industries and services and favored the emigration of a large part of the rural population to the large cities. Today, commerce and industry provide most of the state’s income and only 10 percent of the gross product comes from agriculture.