There is no precise political division for northern China. But one thing is certain from a historical perspective: Chinese advanced culture began in northern China. It was not until the time of the Chinese emperors in the Qin Dynasty starting around 221 BC. From the Han Dynasty to 220 AD, the south of China was incorporated into the Empire. See TopSchoolsofLaw to learn more about visa to China.
When the Chinese Empire was conquered by the Mongols around 1279, the empire began to permanently unify. Today, the following administrative areas are usually referred to as North China:
Inner Mongolia | Hebei | Beijing | Tianjin | Shanxi
Dividing lines are drawn by the Yangtze and Huai He rivers, as well as by the Qin-Ling Mountains. North of the Yangtze and the Great Wall of China it is rather cool and dry with the well-known taiga, steppe and the Gobi and Tarim deserts. The north is sparsely populated and has many agricultural areas with fertile loess soil. In the far north you can experience the famous and infamous Siberian snowstorms.
The farmers bred pigs and horses in the north very early on and later, like ours, grew millet and wheat due to the similar climate. The many nomadic peoples who today come mainly from the northern neighboring countries, such as the Turkic peoples, the Uyghurs, Mongols and Manchurians, also mainly reside in northern China. In terms of food, Chinese noodle dishes characterize the cuisine of northern China due to agriculture. You can experience fascination here for everyone. corners and ends.
Around northern China
- Geography: Northern China, includes many provinces such as Beijing, Hebei, Shanxi, etc.
- Climate: Continental climate, cold winters, hot summers
- Population: Densely populated, diverse ethnic groups
- Economy: industry, agriculture, trade
- Cultural Significance: Historical sites, cultural diversity
- Attractions: Great Wall of China, The Forbidden City, Tiananmen Square
- Capital: Beijing ( Beijing )
- Language: Mandarin (Standard Chinese)
- Traditions: Lion dance, Chinese New Year celebrations
- Food: Peking duck, Jiaozi (Chinese dumplings)
Northern China delights European travelers
Northern China is particularly attractive for European travelers in many ways. Firstly, like ours, the climate is cold in winter and warm in summer, which means you hardly have to adjust.
Mandarin is mainly spoken in the north, which makes translating with an app much easier than in the south, where you always have to find out the language of a region first.
Northern China is characterized by an incredible number of great travel destinations that not only represent the Chinese culture that we would like to experience in person when traveling, but also always amaze us when we experience it ourselves. We will now briefly look at these sights for northern China.
Inner Mongolia – the homeland of Genghis Khan
In addition to beautiful landscapes in the grassy steppe of Inner Mongolia, you should have seen Genghis Khan’s mausoleum there. But the Dazhao Monastery on Dazhao Qianjie Street from the Ming Dynasty is also a worthwhile travel destination, as is the Wudang Monastery in the Yinshan Mountains. Otherwise, in Inner Mongolia you must definitely see the unique grass steppes around Hulun Lake in the Bayan Huxu area and Roh Nur at Hoh Nur Lake.
Hebei – On the way to the Summer Palace
Near the city of Quinhunagdao is the end of the Great Wall of China. There is the legendary plaque with the inscription “First Gate on Earth”. But even more interesting is the famous Imperial Summer Palace in Hebei Province, which with its unique garden has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1994.
There you walk from the bridge of the pine wind to the hut in the heart of the water, to the mountain house of clear calm, to the temple of the flower spirit and the gate of the cloud cave to the pavilion for listening to the waterfall.
The Summer Palace covers a whopping 5.6 km² with nine courtyards and eleven pavilions, gardens and temples.
Beijing – The northern capital
Beijing is also called Beijing, which means northern capital. The capital has the administrative status of a province, which is hardly surprising given that it has over 21 million inhabitants. The city already has a three-thousand-year history, with the so-called Peking people living in the area 770,000 years ago. Therefore, today you can fill an entire book with all the city’s sights. The legendary, forbidden city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The most important sights in the city are:
- Tiananmen Square or Tiananmen Square: there you will find the Gate of Heavenly Peace and the Great Hall of the People. But the Chinese National Museum with free entry, the Monument to the People’s Heroes, the Chairman Mao Memorial Hall and the main gate of the inner city called Zhengyangmen are also located on Tian’anmen Square. In the past, only the emperor was allowed to pass through this gate on his way to the Temple of Heaven. To the west of Tiananmen Square you should see the impressive National Theater.
- The Forbidden City: Through the Gate of Heavenly Peace you enter the Imperial Palace from Tian’anmen Square. You can safely take several hours to visit the Forbidden City. The emperor lived in the three palaces in the inner courtyard. In the Palace of Heavenly Purity, you should visit the emperor’s former throne. The court ceremonies took place in the Hall of Middle Harmony. The ascension of a new emperor took place on the impressive Dragon Throne in the Hall of Supreme Harmony.
- All the temples in the city: From the Lama Temple to the Confucius Temple, there are many temples worth seeing in Beijing.
- The new Yiheyuan Summer Palace: In the middle of the palace is Kunming Lake surrounded by the Pavilion of Buddhist Fragrance, the Hall of Jade Waves, the Hall of Fragrance and Longevity, the Marble Boat and the Arcade. You should also walk across the Seventeen Arch Bridge, Gaoliang Bridge and Suzhou Street.
- The Great Wall of China: The most famous sight in China is of course not to be missed. The wall is over 21,000 kilometers long. Anyone who knows that the Earth is 40,000 kilometers long at the equator can imagine what that means. From Beijing you can easily reach the wall in an hour and take in the mighty structure in person.
- Park and markets: Beijing also has a number of beautiful parks and typical Chinese markets to offer, which you should also plan time for.
Tianjin – the sky ford city
This port city with over 13 million inhabitants is located 2 hours’ drive southeast of Beijing. It is also referred to as direct government and is therefore directly subject to the central government with the status of a province. Here you should visit the following sights:
- Temple of the Sky Goddess
- Temple of Lonely Joy
- Paifang entrance gate
- Cultural Route “Art and Literature”
- Hai He Music Park
- A dragon boat race
- Ride the Tianjin Eye (Ferris Wheel)
Shanxi – west of the mountains
This province in northern China lies west of the Taihangshan Mountains, which gave rise to its name. It is located west of Hebei and south of Inner Mongolia, which we have already introduced. This area has the origins of Chinese culture as early as the Neolithic around 1,100 BC. Brought forth. In this province you will find a number of particularly historically interesting sights such as:
- Mogao Grottoes on the Silk Road in Duhuang.
- Yungang Grottoes southwest of Datong.
- Hengshan, hanging temple with 40 small pavilions and halls.
- Xuankong Si, hanging monasteries.
Plan a trip to northern China
That was just a tiny sample of the many sights that can be seen here in northern China, a small part of the Far East. Visiting all of Northern China in one trip is like taking a short tour of Europe. You may have seen something there, but only a sample of the entire beauty and culture of northern China. For a first trip to northern China, Beijing and the surrounding area is always a good place to start.