Abbreviated as VT by ABBREVIATIONFINDER, Vermont is a state in the northeastern United States with Montpelier as the state capital. The state is part of the New England region.
Vermont is mainly known for its maple syrup production and scenic mountain areas. The name comes from the French mont vert, ‘green mountain’. The Green Mountains region and Lake Champlain are popular excursion destinations. Several high-ranking individuals or millionaires from surrounding states have a villa or cottage in Vermont where they live during the British summer ( en : Indian summer ) or winter vacation. Therefore, property prices have risen since the 1950s.
Other tourists come to Vermont during the fall to see the colorful foliage of the forests, like the neighboring state of New Hampshire, or to hike, camp and fish. Vermont, for example, is considered the birthplace of fly fishing. In 2002, Vermont had 7.9 million visitors. The majority of the inhabitants are English-speaking, but in the north there is a small French-speaking minority.
The region was originally inhabited by Iroquois, Algonquins and Abenakis. Most of the state was under the name New Hampshire Grants fighting between New York and New Hampshire. The remaining part was part of the colony of Quebec. Vermont became self-governing in 1771 without the approval of England or New York. In the years 1777-1791, Vermont was an independent republic, the Republic of Vermont. In 1791, Vermont became a state in the United States.
For a long time, Vermont was dominated by Republicans. Gradually, however, the Democrats have increased their support. Vermont appears to be a relatively social-liberal state by American standards. In issues such as environmental protection and community planning, Vermont is considered to have a progressive focus. In the early 2000s, Vermont residents elected the unbound Bernie Sanders, who is neither a Republican nor a Democrat but calls himself a “Democratic Socialist,” to represent the state in the U.S. Senate.
Vermont, along with Alaska, Arizona and Wyoming, is one of four states that do not require a permit to carry concealed weapons, so-called Vermont carry. The state abolished the death penalty in 1965 and carried out its last execution in 1954, by Donald DeMag for the murder of the second voyage.
In Vermont, with a 2005 estimated population of 623,050, Whites account for 98% of the total population. It is the second most densely populated state among the 50 US states. Along with being an extension of New England’s British and Protestant Yankee culture, other ethnic groups in the state’s cultural life over time; French or Canadians of French descent, Italians and Poles also gained prominence.
The Green Mountains, part of the Appalachian mountain system, cover nearly the entire state. Mount Mansfield, the state’s highest point, is 1,339 meters above sea level. Only 15% of the state is fertile, flat land. Most of the rivers flow into Lake Champlain ; There are about 400 lakes located entirely within the state.
The climate is generally cold, with obvious temperature differences between the warmer south and the north. In winter, the temperature can drop to -37 °C or below (the lowest temperature was found to be -46 °C (1933)), while in summer the temperature does not rise above 30 °C.
The University of Vermont is located in Burlington, and there are several liberal arts colleges, as well as some state colleges.
- CountryAAH: Offers a full list of cities and towns in Vermont, together with postal codes for each of them, and including capital city of Vermont.
Cities and towns in Vermont
- Hyde Park
- Montpelier, state capital
- North Hero
- South Burlington
- St. Albans
- St. Johnsbury
Famous people born in Vermont
- Chester A. Arthur (1829–1886), President No. 21, took office in 1881 after the assassination of James Garfield, born in Fairfield.
- Calvin Coolidge (1872–1933), president number 30, born in Plymouth Notch.
- John Deere (1804–1886), founder of Deere and Company, born in Rutland.
- Bill Koch, cross-country skier who won the USA’s first Olympic medal in Nordic skiing, bronze Olympics 1976 30 km
Charles Francis Hall, polar researcher
- Andrea Mead-Lawrence (1932–2009), 2 gold medals in slalom and giant slalom during the 1952 Olympic Games, born in Rutland.
Levi P. Morton, Vice President No. 22
- Joseph Smith (1805–1844), founder of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, that is, the Mormon Church, was born in Sharon.
Ted Bundy (1946–1989), serial killer.
- John LeClair, NHL ice hockey player.