Virginia History

For centuries Virginia has been at the forefront of the wars of independence, from the civil war to the Cold War, and the war on terror. The great social changes of the mid to late twentieth century were expressed through celebrations that had broad popular support and that highlighted the contributions of the state’s three cultures: Native American, European, and African.

Jesuits from Florida settled in 1570 by themselves (without Spanish troops), in the Ajacan region (present-day Virginia). In 1572 the Society of Jesus abandoned the missions in this area, being replaced by the Order of San Francisco. The first Franciscan decade was a turbulent time in which missionary positions were abandoned, although they were later reoccupied.

At the time of the English colonization of the region, numerous indigenous peoples lived in what is now Virginia. The American tribes there included the Cherokee, Chesepian, Chickahominy, Mattaponi, Meherrin, Monacan, Nansemond, Nottoway, Pamunkey, Powhatan, Rappahannock, Saponi, and a few others. natives into three groups, based largely on linguistic differences. The largest group is known as the Algonquin led by Powhatan, head of the Powhatan (and father of the famous Pocahontas). Powhatan controlled more than thirty tribes and 150 settlements, speaking the so-called Virginia Algonquin. Two other large groups, such as the Nottoway and the Meherrin They spoke dialects of Iroquois, and the people who lived at the foot of the mountains used Sioux dialects.

In 1583, Queen Elizabeth I of England granted Sir Walter Raleigh a charter to explore and found a colony in North Florida. In 1584, Sir Walter Raleigh explored the Atlantic coast of North America. Raleigh, or possibly the Queen herself, called the area “Virginia” because Queen Elizabeth was known as “the Virgin Queen” because she had never married. The name was eventually applied to the entire coastline from South Carolina to Maine, including Bermuda. The Virginia Company of London was incorporated as a Joint Stock Company by the Statutes of 1606, which granted property rights to the area. The company financed the first permanent English settlement in the New World.

The Virginia House of Burgesses was established in 1619 as the elected government of the colony, and was the first legislative assembly in the New World. During these early days its population increased with the introduction of settlers and servants in the growing economy of large plantations. In 1619 the first black Africans arrived, and since there were no laws on slavery, they were initially treated as hired servants, with the same opportunities for freedom as whites. However, in 1661 laws on slave labor were passed, and any small quota of freedom that might have existed disappeared. After 1618, the land rights system brought in more contract-bound servants from Europe. In this system, settlers received land for each servant they transported. Native lands were expropriated by force and by treaty, including the “Virginia Treaty with the Indians of 1677, ” which made the signatory tribes tributary states.

  • CountryAAH: Offers a full list of cities and towns in Virginia, together with postal codes for each of them, and including capital city of Virginia.

The House of Citizens was temporarily dissolved in 1769 by the Royal Governor, Lord Botetourt, after Patrick Henry and Richard Henry Lee made speeches against British taxation without corresponding colonial representation. In 1773, Henry and Lee formed a correspondence committee, and in 1774 Virginia sent delegates to the Continental Congress. On May 15, 1776, the Virginia Convention declared its independence from the British Empire. Soon after, the Virginia Convention adopted the Virginia Bill of Rights written by George Mason, a document that influenced the Declaration of Independence and the Bill of Rights. Then on June 29, 1776, the Convention enacted a Constitution, drafted by Thomas Jefferson, which formally declared Virginia as an independent commonwealth.

Virginians were instrumental in drafting the Constitution of the United States. James Madison drafted the Virginia Plan in 1787 and the Bill of Rights in 1789 and ratified their constitution on June 25, 1788. The “three-fifths” compromise ensured that the state initially held the largest bloc in the House of Representatives, and that along with its “dynasty” of presidents it accorded the commonwealth national importance. In 1790, both Virginia and Maryland ceded territory to form the new District of Columbia, although in 1847 the area initially ceded by Virginia was recovered. Virginia is sometimes called the “Mother of States” because of her role in the birth of several Midwestern states.

The slave rebellion led by Nat Turner in 1831 and John Brown’s foray into Harpers Ferry in 1859 showed deep social discontent over the issue of slavery in Virginia and its role in the large plantation economy. In addition to agriculture, slave labor was also increasingly used in mining, shipbuilding, and other industries. By 1860, nearly half a million people, roughly thirty-one percent of its total population, were slaves.

Abbreviated as VA by ABBREVIATIONFINDER, Virginia seceded from the Union on 17 of April of 1861, after the Battle of Fort Sumter, handed over his military and in June of the same year ratified the Constitution of the Confederate States of America. The Confederates decided to move their Capitol to Richmond. In 1863, forty-eight counties in the northwest of the state separated from Virginia to form the state of West Virginia.. During the American Civil War, more battles took place on its territory than in any other state, including the First Battle of Bull Run, the Battle of Chancellorsville, and the decisive Battle of Appomattox Court House. The naval battle of Hampton Roads also took place in the Chesapeake Bay. After the capture of Richmond, the Confederate Capitol was transferred to Danville. With the work of the so-called “Committee of Nine” during the postwar Reconstruction, he formally rejoined the Union on January 26, 1870., and adopted a Constitution that ensured the suffrage of the black population, a system of free public schools and the guarantee of civil and political rights. Oliver Hill oversees the swearing-in of the first African-American member of the US Department of Justice’s Office of Prosecution.

The civil rights movement gained many adherents in the 1960s and gained the moral strength to obtain national legislation for the protection of the suffrage and civil rights of African Americans. In 1971, state legislators again modified the constitution, after goals such as legal integration and repeal of Jim Crow laws had been achieved. In 1989, Douglas Wilder became the first African-American to serve as governor in the United States.

Virginia History