Yemen (arab. ٱلْيَمَن al -Yaman ), officially the Republic of Yemen (arab. ٱلْجُمْهُورِيَّةُ ٱلْيَمَنِيَّةُ al -Jumhūrīyah al-Yamanīyah ) is a country on the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia. It borders Oman, Saudi Arabia, the Red Sea, the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Aden. Yemen is the only republic on the Arabian Peninsula and one of eight in the entire Arab world. The capital of Yemen is the city of Sana’a. From 2000 to 2006, 17.5% of the Yemeni population lived on 1.25$ or less per day. Since 2014 there is a civil war in the country.
The name of the state of Yemen is associated with the Semitic root ymnt, meaning south, right side.
According to Cachedhealth, Yemen has a very rich culture that has developed throughout Yemen’s history and been influenced by various civilizations.
A special part of the Yemeni culture consists of a plant of the strangler family, cat (Catha edulis ). It is large, slow growing, but reaching a height of up to 6 m. In Yemen, khat is widely cultivated and is mainly used for chewing. The juice of this plant has a similar effect to caffeine on the human body. Yemen exports cat to all its neighbors and other close countries. Both men and women chew this plant in the country.
Yemeni cinematography is just beginning to expand in the country. Until 2008 _ Only two feature films have been produced by Yemeni filmmakers.
in 2000 The Yemeni government has adopted an educational program that would see major changes in the field of science in the country over the next 25 years. The goal of this program is to reduce the illiteracy rate of the Yemeni population to less than 10%. in 2003 another program has been adopted which aims to provide 95% of 6-14 year olds with an educational opportunity. population of Yemen.
World Heritage Sites
The first of these is the ancient city of Shibam in the desert. The city is called the ” Manhattan of the desert ” because of its house-towers, which reach a height of up to 30 m. Shibam was added to the list in 1982 .
The old town of Sana’a was added to the heritage list in 1986 . The city was settled more than 2.5 thousand years ago at an altitude of 7000 feet above sea level. In the 7th century, the city was a major center of Islam, with 103 mosques and about 6,000 houses surviving from the 11th century.
in 1993 the historic town of Zabid has also been added to the World Heritage List. The city near the Red Sea was the capital of Yemen from the 13th to the 15th century and is currently an important archaeological and historical center of the country.
Last on the list is the Socotra archipelago. 13th century the described Marco Polo Archipelago consists of four islands. The archipelago is characterized by its unique flora and fauna. 37% of the vegetation and 90% of the reptiles living on the islands are unique and cannot be found anywhere else in the world.
Various sports are popular in Yemen, but football is the most cultivated. The Yemeni Football Association was founded in 1962 and the country became a member of FIFA in 1980 . In the world ranking of football teams, the Yemeni men’s football team is in 139th place (2009 ) True, in 2005 The Yemeni Football Association has been suspended due to political factors affecting the sport and other violations of Article 17 of the FIFA Regulation.
Since 1984, Yemeni athletes participate in the Olympic Games (in 1984 and 1988 separate parts of Yemen participated). Yemeni athletes have never participated in the Winter Olympics and have not won a single medal in total.
in 2006 A delegation of Yemeni athletes participated in the Asian Games. Naji Al Ashwal won the bronze medal in Wushu. It was Yemen’s only medal of the Games.